Human Papilloma Virus - HPV
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Cone Biopsy

A cone biopsy is a surgical procedure to find and treat a problem in the cervix. Your doctor may do a cone biopsy if one or more smear tests and a colposcopy (microscope) exam show abnormal cells on your cervix. During a cone biopsy, tissue is removed from the cervix while you are anaesthetized and sent to the laboratory to be studied. Cutting away the tissue also removes the abnormal cells. The tissue that grows back is likely to be normal, in which case no more treatment is needed. A cone biopsy takes less than an hour.

Cone Biopsy - Preparing for a Cone Biopsy

To help prevent problems with anesthesia, do not eat or drink anything after midnight on the night before the biopsy. You will also need to have someone drive you home afterwards, as you will be too drowsy to drive safely. On the day of the biopsy, be sure to arrive at the hospital or clinic in plenty of time to sign in and get ready for your procedure.

Cone Biopsy - What happens during a Cone Biopsy?

You will be given anesthesia before your biopsy to keep you comfortable during surgery. The doctor then puts a thin metal tube (speculum) into the vagina to hold it open. This allows your doctor to see the cervix. A cone-shaped piece of tissue is then removed from the cervix. The tissue is cut from the opening up into the canal. This may be done with a small knife or with a laser. The removed tissue is then sent to the laboratory. The laboratory studies the tissue and makes sure the abnormal cells have been cut away. New tissue grows back in the cervix in four to six weeks.

Cone Biopsy - Recovery

You will be able to rest in the recovery area until you are awake. It may be possible to go home on the same day but this may depend on the type of biopsy and how large the biopsy is. If you do go home the same day you should plan to rest at home for a day or two. You may have some bleeding or discharge and mild cramping for a few days after surgery. Use sanitary pads, not tampons, for at least the first month after biopsy. You may be given medication to relieve any discomfort. Call your health care provider if you have a fever, chills or heavy bleeding. Do not have sexual intercourse or play active sports for four to six weeks after your biopsy. Until the cervix has fully healed, the tissue could be injured and cause bleeding.

Cone Biopsy - Risks and complications

Your health care provider will discuss the risks and possible complications of cone biopsy with you. These include:
  • Incomplete removal of abnormal tissue
  • Severe bleeding
  • Infection
  • Weakening or scarring of the cervix.

Cone Biopsy - After treatment

Your health care provider will get the biopsy results and discuss them with you in about a week, and examine you in about six weeks to be sure the tissue is healing well. Once you have had a problem in your cervix, you are at a higher risk for future problems in your cervix. You will need to have a smear test and pelvic examination more often than before, generally every year once you have been cleared after the biopsy. Be sure to make an appointment as often as your health care provider recommends.


Cone Biopsy - Cone Biopsy Alternative Names:

Cone biopsy, Biopsy - cone, Cervical conization, Biopsy - cervical punch, Biopsy of the cervix, Cervical punch biopsy, conization

Cone Biopsy - Cone Biopsy Common Misspellings:

Cone Biospy, Cone Bipsy, Cone Boipsy, Kone Biopsy, Cone Biopsey

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Curing hpv symptoms such as ASCUS for cervical cancer screening does not necessarily eliminate the virus.